Part 3 in our Elevating the Discourse: Fire Stations series (previously: concrete, wood) includes several glazed fire stations. At brute_force, we’re big proponents of natural ventilation and daylight (naturally) and so it’s really interesting to see such a diversity of solutions to fairly similar programs. And, yet again, many of these were awarded competitions.
architect: samyn + partners
location: Houten (NL)
Built in a rather neglected part of town, this project features a completely glazed and unheated apparatus bay facing due south. Photovoltaics on the facade provide energy as well as shading. The northern two-storey section has showers, changing rooms and storage below, with conference room office and beanery above. The interior wall facing the apparatus bay features 2200 art works from local children, protected from vandalism and a nod to why the volunteer fire-fighters are there.
architect: BPP Architekten
location: Preetz (DE)
A fully glazed apparatus bay opens the innards up to the city. Offices, beanery, bunks and additional support spaces wrap the apparatus bay in an ‘el’ fashion, which appears to be standard practice on most of the plans we’ve run across. The facade is a corrugated, perforated aluminum screen over a red metal wall with a trapezoidal section. As the sun shifts, so does the character of the facade. In a few instances, the perforated screen runs continuously over windows, a detail we really like. Construction photos here.
architect: wichmann architekten
location: Neuss (DE)
year completed: 2006
Separated by the public entry, the apparatus bay and living quarters are split to represent the differing functions. The glazed apparatus bay doubles as a training area during inclement weather. Beanery, offices, command room and training rooms are located in the compact brick box. Energy usage is minimized, and the entire building is naturally ventilated. This is what clean, direct design on a tight budget should look like. And yes, we realize profilit is really sexy and significantly cheaper in Germany.
architect: wolf architektur
location: Eberstalzell (AT)
year completed: 2008
A transparent apparatus bay and large windows reveal the inner workings of this building. The hose tower and vibrant color give away the functional aspects, but the form is a play on local housing typologies. The project was designed for flexibility and future expansion. This one was also a winning competition entry.
architect: heim + müller
location: Braz (AT)
year completed: 2006
The extensive glazing and slate facade seem almost too extravagant for such a utilitarian function. Yeah, there really isn’t much more to say about this one, other than it’s pretty stunning.
Berliner Feuerwehr Tiergarten
architect: Sauerbruch + Hutton Architekten
location: Tiergarten, Berlin (DE)
year completed: 2004
It would be difficult to discuss standout fire stations without this one. An extension to an existing building, this project incorporates both police and fire stations. We imagine this strategy is beneficial on numerous fronts, including increased efficiencies between departments. The glass facade, utilizing 24 different tints, plays off the colors of the existing landscape (brick and trees) as well as the departmental insignia. At operable windows, the glazed shingles tilt up like louvers, protecting the interior from glare. The addition floats above grade, allowing parking and apparatus bay to be tucked below. This project was a first place entry from a competition held in 1999.